Authors: Saber, S., Nagy, M., E. Schäfer
Keywords: apical transportation, canal straightening, reciproc, shaping ability
Aim: To compare the shaping ability of ProTaper Next, iRaCe and Hyflex CM rotary NiTi files during the preparation of severely curved root canals in extracted human molar teeth.
Methodology: Sixty mandibular molars with mesio-buccal canals having angles of curvature ranging from 25° to 35° were divided according to the instrument used into three groups of 20 teeth each: group PTN (ProTaper Next), group IR (iRaCe) and group HF (Hyflex CM). Using standardized pre- and post-instrumentation radiographs, straightening of canal curvature was determined using image analysis software. A double-digital standardized radiographic technique was used to determine apical transportation 0.5 mm from the working length (1.5-mm coronal of the major foramen). Preparation time and instrument failures were also recorded. Data were analysed using one-way analysis of variance (anova) and post hoc Tukey's test, and significance was set at P < 0.05.esults During root canal preparation, no instruments fractured. The use of PTN resulted in significantly greater canal straightening than IR and HF (P < 0.05), with no significant differences between IR and HF (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences between the three groups with respect to apical transportation (P > 0.05). IR and HF were significantly faster than PTN (P < 0.05), with no significant differences between IR and HF (P > 0.05).
Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, PTN, IR and HF respected original canal curvature well and were safe to use.